Kim Kardashian and Lena Dunham. Compare, contrast, explain.
Prize: a Minerva prize and statue
Who may enter: anyone may enter. Just send us an essay that answers the question. Send your answers to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Deadline for submissions: December 15, 2013
Designers, anthropologists, strategists, ethnographers, writers, artists, activists, musicians, digitists, and other cultural creatives live or die by their knowledge of culture. The more we know, the more adroitly we know it, the deeper our mastery of this knowledge and the forces that produce it, the more surely we will flourish.
So here’s a test of your knowledge. Who are Kim Kardashian and Lena Dunham? As young American celebrities, they are conspicuous parts of popular culture. They express trends already in motion “out there.” This makes them cultural “effects.” But they also shape and clarify things that are beginning to emerge. This makes them cultural “causes.”
Who are these women and what do they say about our life and times? What are the causes (trends, events, developments) of which they are effects? And what are the effects (trends, events, developments) of which they are causes? What shaped them, what are they shaping?
You’ve got lots to work with. These women have made many stylistic choices, in voice, language, clothing, emotional style, music, make-up, hair, homes, bars, neighborhoods, restaurants, rituals, ceremonies, friends, boyfriends, husbands, celebrity. They have fashioned detailed, vivid, public personae. X-ray these, please. These are very different public performances. Review them, please. At the very least we are looking at very different visions of femaleness. Give us the what and the how. And the why.
We are not looking for ridicule. Kardashian and Dunham are high profile and attract lots of comment and some derision. That’s not our job. Nor is this a popularity contest. We don’t care if you like one of these women more than the other. Your job is to write a beautifully thoughtful, balanced, dispassionate, detailed, insightful piece that might help someone in the year 2113 figure out who these women were and “what they stood for.”
The differences will be readily apparent. The similarities perhaps not so much. But it’s worth remembering that these women come from the same culture, they live in (roughly) the same moment. Honor the differences but see if you can spot the commonalities. (And marvel that American culture can produce two entirely credible woman who are so dramatically different.)
Tell me what the world looks like if you are Kim Kardashian. Tell me what it looks like if you are Lena Dunham. Report what their experiences, and views of the world, are from the inside out. Feel free to comment on any or all of the following; voice, language, clothing, emotional style, music, make-up, hair, homes, bars, neighborhoods, restaurants, rituals, ceremonies, friends, boyfriends, husbands, and/or celebrity.
This is the “identity” version of the question. Some people found Assignment 1 inaccessible. My fault. So, if you prefer, treat this second assignment as your question. One way to do this is to give us a 300 word diary entry for Kardashian and a 300 word entry for Dunham. Give us 400 words (give or take) of annotation for things in the diary entry. As in “KK prefers to shop here at [Tiffany’s?] because…” and “we believe this hairstyle became fashionable in the south of France about 12 months ago. It entered the US style scene and KK’s world through the dance scene and specifically Club [X] in Los Angeles. We believe this style matters because…”
What should the question have been here? What was the best way to invite people to compare, contrast and explain Kim Kardashian and Lena Dunham.
In both cases:
We only want 1000 words. Because if it’s good enough for a Oxbridge college, it’s good enough for us. The winner will win a Minerva statue and a measure of immortality as a Minerva winner. (Hey, it will look good on your c.v.)
The Minerva Judges:
Caley Cantrell, BrandCenter, Virginia Commonwealth University
Noah Cruickshank, AV Club
Janet Kestin, Swim
Leora Kornfeld, Harvard
Adrian Ho, Zeus Jones
Ruby Strong, Lord Byng
Nancy Vonk, Swim
My nephew is up for an interview at the college of his choice. Everyone is thrilled. His speciality is the classics so I am no use at all.
But what, I wondered, would be a good way of quizzing someone about how much they knew about contemporary culture.
As it happened, I was working on a Keynote deck for which I produced the image above. It has several bits and pieces. We could just to hand an applicant the image and invite them to comment. This would be one of several “quizzes” and is not meant to be the only useful test.
There are no right answers. But I think we would be able to judge very swiftly whether someone had depth, range, intelligence, and what do they call it in tennis, “touch.” I want you to identify each of these images and tell us how and why what they represent matters to contemporary culture. You should be able to speak for 5 minutes on each image…and that’s just for starters.
Please have a go and if you feel like banding off a thousand words I would be happy to put together a set of judges with the winner getting a Minerva award.
Or just work out your answers “in your head” and let’s discuss our various answers in a later post.
Click on the image to see the whole test!
I can’t supply attribution for these photos. If you recognize where they came from originally, please let me know!
In her comment on the NCIS recasting post, Jean Latting said she thought she might ask her class to have a go.
And I thought, “but of course, this is an excellent Minerva contest. Why didn’t I think of that?”
So here is the question. We are phrasing this one in the form of a Harvard Business School Case study:
“Don Bellisario, the creator of NCIS who left the show in 2007, has decided to return. [This is false and asserted here merely to supply a compelling pretext.]
Mr. Bellisario wants to freshen the show with some casting changes. What should he do?
From the Culturematic given below, please choose 1 new actor and tell us what effect it would have on the show. Specifically, what difference would this difference make to the show, the dramatic and cultural terrain it can now cover.
Now choose 1 actor from the list you would NOT cast, and tell us very specifically why he or she would be wrong for the part and the show.
Now give us your ideal 5 choices and explain these actors bring to the show individually and as an ensemble. How would NCIS now speak from and to contemporary culture?
One thousand words.
Point form ok.
Be imaginative, concise and interesting. Find your assumptions and express your assumptions. Show off your knowledge and mastery of popular culture
Winner gets a Minerva (as pictured) and a place in our Hall of Fame.
deadline: one month from today, i.e., May 13, 2011.
To be announced
The Minervas were created to encourage people to ask cultural questions and craft cultural answers.
Winners so far:
Juri Saar (for the “Who’s a good doggie woggie?” contest)
Reiko Waisglass (for the “Who’s a good doggie woggie?” contest)
Brent Shelkey (for the “Who’s a good doggie woggie?” contest)
Daniel Saunders (for the “JJ Abrams vs. Joss Whedon” contest)
Tim Sullivan (for the “Karen Black vs. Betty White” contest)
Lauren LaCascia (for the “Showtime vs. USA Networks” contest)
Diandra Mintz (for the “Showtime vs. USA Networks” contest)
Mark Boles (for the “Antique Roadshow vs. Pawn stars” contest)
Indy Neogy (for the “Nordic Noir” contest)
Judges so far:
Members of the faculty of the SVA (School of Visual Arts) ‘masters in branding’ program,
and Richard Shear
Rick Boyko, Director and Professor, VCU Brandcenter
Schuyler Brown, Skylab
Bryan Castaneda, Attorney At Law
Ana Domb, C3, MIT
Mark Earls, author, Herd
Brad Grossman, Grossman and Partners
Christine W. Huang, PSFK, Huffington Post and Global Hue
Stray signals are important to people who want to keep track of contemporary culture.
Here’s one from today’s Wall Street Journal.
Nordic noir, the chilling, realistic Scandinavian crime fiction that has taken movies and books by storm, is coming to American television. The Killing, premiering April 3 on AMC, comes from the hit Danish drama “Forbrydenlsen.”
It is not intuitively obvious why there should now be so much Nordic noir in our world. But to be sure there’s lots. And I think we can see it moving swiftly, from page to big screen to little screen, signs of its ability to command larger audiences.
The question for the Chief Culture Officer and the rest of us: why? What is it about Nordic noir that makes it appealing. Why should this cultural form now threaten the standard police procedurals (Law and Order, CSI, etc) that have dominated TV for so long? What does the rise of Nordic noir tells us about the state of American culture now?
I am not making this an official Minerva competition, but if someone comes up with a dazzlingly good answer, there’s a good chance they will get a statue!
Chozick, Amy. 2011. Something’s rotten in Seattle. Wall Street Journal. March 25. (subscription required)
I was in the Tumi store in Grand Central over the holidays and I was impressed to see their once staid briefcases were beginning to show the influence of the messenger bag.
If Jules Prown (and the worlds of material culture and art history) are right to say that some objects reflect changes taking place in a culture, what are we to make of this?
You have 1000 words and a month to complete the assignment.
I have 9 minutes to get this post up before midnight, so no panel of judges yet.
For more on the Minerva, please see the page marked "Minerva" next to "contact." Eyes right and above. For a little data on the relative position of briefcases (in blue) and messenger bags (in red), see this graph from Google trends.
Thanks to the many people who commented on the Pomplamoose – Hyundai campaign.
We have two winners for the latest Minerva essay contest.
Lauren La Cascia and Diandra Mintz.
Hearty congratulations to them both. Here’s the question Lauren and Diandra took on.
The Essay question:
The Big C, the new show starring the deeply talented Laura Linney gives us a glimpse of what is now possible on cable. It resembles a second show on Showtime, Weeds.
Together these shows give us a glimpse into the Showtime thinktank. (One of the principles, apparently: let’s see what happens to suburban living when we mix things up.)
There is a another experiment at work at USA Networks, from which a string of hits has recently issued (Burn Notice, Psych, Royal Pains, White Collar). (One of the principles, apparently, stay as far away from the suburbs as possible.)
1. Compare and contrast Showtime and USA Networks. Identify the grammar or algorithm that produces the shows in question. (Consider my "suburb" reference a hint, but merely one very rough indicator of the possibilities. Please do feel free to contradict me.)
2. What larger cultural significance do you attach to the fact that these two approaches to making TV now exist? Did they exist in the 20th century. Why do they exist now?
Fewer than 1000 words.
point form preferred.
points for being crisp and clear.
Contest winners will receive a Minerva (as pictured) and a place on the winner’s list.
Essay answer by Diandra Mintz
The male and female fantasies of breaking traditional mores and what it means to be extraordinary.
Woman + composed suburban lifestyle + unexpected tragedy out of her control + newfound self-sufficiency + unorthodox redemption = Weeds, The Big C (Showtime)
Man + remarkable talent + fall from grace + sidekick who tempers and fuels man’s efforts + unorthodox redemption = Burn Notice, Psych, Royal Pains, White Collar (USA)
Ordinary vs. Extraordinary
Showtime gives us ordinary people living in extraordinary circumstances. Nancy and Cathy are going about their lives when they suffer sudden and unexpected setbacks. They seem in no way equipped to deal with tragedy and yet their underlying resilience shines through. Conversely, USA portrays extraordinary people living in ordinary circumstances. Each protagonist possesses an innate talent honed over time through discipline and practice. Standouts in their fields, the men are resourceful and cunning when necessary to come out on top — with their wit and charm in tact.
There is a marked difference in the protagonists’ gender on each network that is echoed by the gender of the shows’ creators. Showtime’s programs are led by women both on and off-screen, while USA’s programs star men and were created by men. Furthermore, the role of gender is complicated on both networks as each protoganist’s progression is threatened and frustrated by the presence of the opposite sex.
On Showtime, the women have been in some way failed by the men in their lives and seek to take matters into their own hands. The women must overcome the shortcomings of the men who continue to surround them.
At the end of the first episode of The Big C, Laura Linney’s character pours her heart out to an unseen companion: “I’m warning you that this laughter might turn into a sob in a second.” With a wider shot, the companion is revealed to be her dog. Even if they want a shoulder to cry on, the women make do on their own, demonstrating self-sufficiency.
USA’s protagonists are cushioned by the presence of sidekicks. The sidekick serves a variety of purposes in each program, but across the board the most important task is keeping the main character grounded. At moments when the leading male may seem too quirky or start to veer off plan, the sidekick is there to reel him in and reinforce an objective.
Aspiration and Identification
Not just any actors, Linney and Mary Louise Parker are accomplished actors in their own rights. They made names for themselves long before Showtime came calling. Both actors have the clout to carry a show and the ability to engage an audience on the small screen over the course of an entire series.
In a different vein, relatively unknown actors portray the protagonists on USA series. The actors are good looking enough to be realistically desired by the opposite sex, but not too good looking as to alienate the same sex from identifying with them. In this regard, the shows take a step back from focusing too tightly on the main character and open up to the ensemble cast.
Echoes of the 90s
The programming on Showtime is an extension of an approach seen on the small screen in the form of Twin Peaks (1990-91) later in the decade on the silver screen in American Beauty (1999). David Lynch’s television series asked viewers to take a closer look at suburban life. Below the guise of a smooth veneer, character flaws bubble to the surface. The difference now, in 2010, is that we are painfully aware that things are not what they seem. Bubbles have burst and dips are doubling and we are ready to examine the traditions and ideals that have become cumbersome. While Parker and Linney’s faces are familiar, just as familiar are the darker underbellies exposed in the storylines. As a culture we are re-educating ourselves on what it means to be satisfied.
USA’s programs echo another sentiment of the early 90s represented in the television series MacGyver (1985-92). MacGyver followed ever-resourceful secret agent Angus MacGyver as he solved problems with nothing more than his scientific know-how and ability to improvise with everyday common items. When put to the test, the protagonist comes through no matter what it takes — a mantra especially relevant today when we are recalibrating our lifestyles and learning how to do more with less.
Earned Success and Everyday Heroism
In an era moving past reality television when just about anyone could get their fifteen minutes by being in the right place at right time, the programming on USA and Showtime reflect the common desire to see earned success. As a culture we have moved beyond ascribed fame and fortune and instead hold earned heroism in higher regard. We leap to hear the stories of everyday heroes like Chesley Sullenberger and Jaycee Dugard, who have each signed movie and book deals respectively. We understand that success won’t be handed to us, and there is an inherent value in what is rightfully earned.
USA and Showtime have defined algorithms that resonate with an audience that values the talented and irrepressible spirit. When the chips are down and our flaws are showing, there is the hope of an underlying resilience that will come through in the end. Just test us.
Congratulations to Lauren and Diandra.